In the fabrication process, in the earlier days the fabric cloths takes long time to dry compared to normal ones and this tends to the major problem in the production unit which tends to increase the time. Normal clothes are dried in a less time but fabrics take much time to dry. In recent time some machines are available in market with high cost with more investment for this problem as a solution. Industries have many procesess to produce a fabrics like water dipping, design changing, colour changing. Moreover the processes is automated so that the cost of the labour is reduced which will be economically usefully. The automation is done with the use of IOT (internet of things) so that one can control the process from anywhere at any time.
Key Words: Fabrication process, fabric clothes, Automation, IOT.
Fabric that is fresh off the loom is called grieve, and it looks nothing like the crisp white sheets or clothing you're used to. It is discoloured and full of impurities, seed particles and debris. Before it can be transformed into useful textiles, it must be cleaned. First, it's treated with bleach to purify the base colour. Next, it's treated with a variety of chemicals and cleaners to remove oils, wax and other elements that are naturally occurring in most fibres. Finally, it's ready to be shipped out to clothing and textile manufacturers. We had gone for an implant training to fabric industry where we have seen squeezing processes which had been done manually and the drying processes takes long time and hence we designed this machine to automate this process. Similar kind of machines are already present but are very costly but we have designed this machine to be economical and which can also be adapted by the small scale industry to increase production and to increase efficiency
- The main objective of this project is to bring the solution to this problem with the new design which is cost effective with improved efficiency.
- To reduce the time of the production process.
- Help the small scale industries to improve the production
Solidwork Design Diagram
An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding. An induction motor can therefore be made without electrical connections to the rotor. An induction motor's rotor can be either wound type or squirrel-cage type.
Three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors are widely used as industrial drives because they are rugged, reliable and economical. Single-phase induction motors are used extensively for smaller loads, such as household appliances like fans. Although traditionally used in fixed-speed service, induction motors are increasingly being used with variable-frequency drives (VFDs) in variable-speed service. Squirrel cage induction motors are very widely used in both fixed-speed and variable-frequency drive (VFD) applications. In our Project three phase AC motor is used to rotate the Rubber motor and the Folding hand it is connected with rubber roller using chain drive. Then it is operated using three phase supply.
Hard rubber rollers and Ebonite rollers for Textile machinery. These rollers are used for starch squeezing and pressing. Ebonite rollers are used for dyeing. The textile industry uses rubber covered rolls for drying, bleaching, mercerizing and printing Coverings for textile industry must exhibit resistance to chemicals, good dynamic properties, heat and abrasion resistance and non-marking characteristics. To ensure success the coverings must be formulated specifically for use in these applications.
The selection of compounding ingredients is critical in many instances to this process since textile is somewhat unique the roller have coverings. In our project we used roller for removing the moisture content in the fabric clothes, the rubber rollers are driven by AC motor byusing this rubber rollers we can remove around 70% of the moisture content.
Arduino Atmega 328-P
Arduino is an open-source platform used for building electronics projects. Arduino consists of both a physical programmable circuit board (often referred to as a microcontroller) and a piece of software, or IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that runs on your computer, used to write and upload computer code to the physical board.
Arduino ATMEGA is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328P which is shown in the fig 6.
An Arduino board consists of an Atmel 8-, 16- or 32-bit AVR microcontroller with complementary components that facilitate programming and incorporation into other circuits. An important aspect of the Arduino is its standard connectors, which lets users connect the CPU board to a variety of interchangeable add-on modules known as shields.
The technical specifications of the Arduino AT mega and other related specifications are described on the table 2.
The process involved in this setup is first the wet clothes are inserted and then it is dipped in water after that the air is passed in a fabric cloth for removing shrinkages. After shrinkages was removed the clothes are passed in between two roller at 8 bar pressure. When this fabric is passed between two rollers 70% of the moisture content is removed another 20% of the moisture is removed by using hot blower. Furthermore a folding machine is fixed at the end of the process so that the dried clothes will arrange in a order. All the above mentioned processes are controlled with Arduino and IOT board. Any chemicals can be added to the fabrics by just an arrangement for keeping the chemicals and the roller to move the respected segment. The dipping processes is done using steel rollers, Squeezing is done with the help of Rubber roller, Drying process is done using the heaters and the Folding process is done using the folding hand at the end.
- The advantage of this project over the other is to dry the fabric clothes at minimal time.
- The time of production is decreased.
- The manual resource is reduced.
Our solution endeavours to solve the problems faced in the fabric industry for squeezing and drying processes so that the production is increased and it is cost efficient so that it can be used in small scale industry also.
- http://smallbusiness.chron.com/types- machines-used-textile-industries-67500.html
- Arduino application via Arduino Cookbook Edition Ii by Michael Margolis.
- Advanced programming for Arduino from The Arduino Robotics by John-David Warren, Josh Adams and Harald Molle. 4.. https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/balloon-padding-machine-4111163788.html
- Handbook of Chemical Processing Equipment--Authors: Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff and Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
K Krithika and S Swetha
Department of Textile Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode